Types of Trading and Golden rules for Trading.
TYPES OF TRADING
There are several types of trading styles that persons seeking to profit from market movements may wish to use. Here is a brief description of the most widely used short term trading styles.
Day traders buy and sell stocks throughout the day in the hope that the price of the stocks will fluctuate in value during the day, allowing them to earn quick profits. A day trader will hold a stock anywhere from a few seconds to a few hours, but will always square off all of those stocks before the close of each day. The day trader does not own any positions at the close of any day therefore immune to overnight risks. The objective of day trading is to quickly get in and out of any particular stock for a profit on an intra-day basis.
Day trading can be further subdivided into a number of styles, including:
Scalpers: This style of day trading involves the rapid and repeated buying and selling of a large volume of stocks within seconds or minutes. The objective is to earn a small per share profit on each transaction while minimizing the risk.
Momentum Traders: This style of day trading involves identifying and trading stocks that are in a moving pattern during the day, in an attempt to buy such stocks at bottoms and sell at tops.
The principal difference between day trading and swing trading is that swing traders will normally have a slightly longer time horizon than day traders for holding a position in a stock. As is the case with day traders, swing traders also attempt to predict the short term fluctuation in a stock's price. However, swing traders are willing to hold stocks for more than one day, if necessary, to give the stock price some time to move or to capture additional momentum in the stock's price. Swing traders will generally hold on to their stock positions anywhere from a few hours to several days.
Swing trading has the capability of providing higher returns than day trading. However, unlike day traders who liquidate their positions at the end of each day, swing traders assume overnight risk. There are some significant risks in carrying positions overnight. For example news events and earnings warnings announced after the closing bell can result in large, unexpected and possibly adverse changes to a stock's price.
Position trading is similar to swing trading, but with a longer time horizon. Position traders hold stocks for a time period anywhere from one day to several weeks or months. These traders seek to identify stocks where the technical trends suggest a possible large movement in price is likely to occur, but which may not be fully played out for several weeks or months.
Online trading is not really properly described as a trading style. Rather, online trading is simply a term that refers to the medium used to enter and execute trades. Online traders, which can include long term investors, as well as day, swing and position traders, use either an Internet connection or a direct access online trading platform to access and execute trades with Web based brokers.
GOLDEN RULES FOR TRADING
- Divide your capital into few equal parts (preferably 10), never risk more than one part of your capital on any one trade.
- Trade only in active & high volume stocks/ futures.
- Always use stop-losses and never over-trade and stick to your risk management rules.
- Never let profit turn into a loss. Use trailing stops to protect and lock your profits.
- Never get into the market because you are anxious from waiting, and never get out of the market just because you have lost your patience.
- Do not guess where the top and bottom of the market is, but let the market signal its top and bottom.
- Never average a loosing trade, also avoid taking small profits and big losses.
- Only trade with genuine risk capital, and be aware of the risk of losing.
- Always trade within your capabilities, financial and otherwise.
- Never let greed or fear take control over your winning positions.
- Avoid Tips & Rumors. This are spread by people with vested interests.
COMMON MISTAKES IN TRADING
- Trading for excitement & thrill and trading with a high ego.
- Trading with money that can't afford to loose & being too emotional about money.
- No trading plan and lack of record keeping.
- Not cutting losses and not letting profits run.
- Letting small losses turn into large losses.
- Not sticking to plans & changing strategies.
- Bottom fishing/catching falling knives.
- Fighting the trend - shorting bulls and buying bears.